Trinitarian Inseparable Operations and the Incarnation

Adonis Vidu


The present article argues that the doctrine of the inseparable external operations (opera ad extra, hereafter OAE) of the Trinity is consistent with the doctrine of the incarnation of the Son alone. To demonstrate this, it will be shown, first, that the assumption of human nature can be ascribed to the Son alone when taken as a state, as opposed to an action. Secondly, I will defend John Owen’s claim that the Son is not the “immediate” agent of Christ’s actions. Finally, an appeal is made to Trinitarian “missions” to show the coherence of OAE with our having communion with distinct divine persons.

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The Journal of Analytic Theology is a joint publication of the Center for Philosophy of Religion at the University of Notre Dame and Baylor University.

ISSN 2330-2380 (online)